Your Menstrual Cycle. Period.

Okay so most of us if not all of us took a form of health class and learned of basic womon biology. Also as we got our periods we learned real quick about our bodies but do you actually know the process our bodies go through to prep for each cycle?n I didn’t know until I started going through fertility treatments and got a crash course on the whole process. I will break each phase down to help you understand.

The Menstrual Phase

So don’t let the name fool you this is also known as your period phase or as I call it, the visit from Aunt Flo. This phase starts when an egg from the previous cycle isn’t fertilized causing your period to start. Because pregnancy hasn’t taken place, levels of your hormones, estrogen, and progesterone, drop. The thickened lining of your uterus, which would of support a pregnancy, is no longer needed, so it sheds through your vagina. During your period, you release a combination of blood, mucus, and tissue from your uterus.

The Follicular Phase

Okay, so this phase and the menstrual phase overlap with each other as this phase also starts on day one of your period. It starts when your body prepares to creat eggs. Only the healthiest egg will eventually mature. The rest of the eggs will be reabsorbed into your body. The average follicular phase lasts for about 16 days but it can range from 11 to 27 days, depending on each women’s cycle.

The Ovulation Phase

The rise in estrogen is what causes the ovulation phase. This is where your mature egg is released and travels to your uterus to be fertilized by sperm. This is the only time in your cycle you can get pregnant. This phase happens on day 14 of a 28-day cycle or in the middle if your cycles are shorter or longer. The egg is viable for 24 hours. After that, the egg dies or will dissolve if not fertilized.

The Luteal Phase

The last phase of the cycle is two weeks long. This is the phase where your body will prep itself for a 9-month pregnancy or get ready for a period. Depending on if the mature egg was fertilized the hormone HGH which is used to detect pregnancy will start to rise. If not, your progesterone and estrogen will start to fall and your body will prepare itself for your period.